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Syria, Daesh holds out at Deir Ezzor but is in complete chaos. It has split in two factions

The Islamic State has lost control at Deir Ezzor. The absence of a real leader has caused a fragmentation of the group and regular internal clashes as a consequence

Daesh at Deir Ezzor has lost control. This was revealed by local sources, explaining that the Islamic State- although still resisting in the eastern Syrian province against the army of Damascus (SAA) – is divided and torn by internal wars. As a matter of fact there isn’t a commander at the moment to keep the various groups united. These are essentially divided into 3 factions. The first one, more to the west, is in the desert (Hamad Badia al-Shamiya). Then, in the area of Abu Kamal (Al Bukamal) there is a second faction of Isis. And finally, the third one is placed in the far east of the country, right in the centre of the Middle Euphrates Valley (MERV), at the border with Iraq. The various formations don’t have a strategy nor a vision in common. Actually, they are often in contrast (the last internal battle was at the end of March). It seems, although it is not officially confirmed, that the IS leadership is actually in the desert of Swaida. Therefore far from the hot areas.

Recently there has been a flux towards Syria of Daesh militiamen from Maghreb (Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Libia)

The fragmentation of the Daesh at Deir Ezzor, besides causing a schizophrenic management of the campaigns against the Syrian army and the SDF, it also led to another consequence. An influx of jihadists coming mainly from the Maghreb (Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and Libia). This has brought to the Islamic State a double problem. On one side the fact that some of the groups of militiamen refuse commanders if they are “not their own”. On the other, the same Isis leaders do not trust their men and look at them with suspicion. The situation is rapidly degenerating in clashes between factions, which have caused several deaths and weakened the offensive against the SAA and the Kurdish led forces. Moreover, internal divisions increased and there is no common vision. To the extent that the recent attacks in mass at Abu Kamal and Mayadeen were carried out exclusively only by one of the two factions created recently.

Today, Isis at Deir Ezzor is divided in two factions. A “foreign” one which is more extreme and a “local” one which is more than anything else trying to survive

As a matter of fact, Daesh in Syria and specifically at Deir Ezzor is split in two separate factions. One is formed mainly by foreigners. Increased after the fall of the recruitment of foreign fighters, mainly westerners. This faction continues to bring forward the hard line of the Islamic State and does not hesitate to punish and execute even its own elements, if they don’t respect orders and rules. The second one, instead, is mainly made up by local elements. Their “faith” in jihad has drastically diminished after the last campaigns, both in Iraq and in Syria, were lost, and their main objective is to survive. Even if this means coming to terms with the enemies and giving up ground. The two groups however try to not interfere with each other. Nevertheless sometimes the actions of one group go against the interests of the other one who then reacts with weapons.

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