The Global Coalition: Isis was defeated militarily, but still represents a threat
“ISIS’s territorial defeat does not represent the terrorists group’s eradication or the end of the terrorist threat it poses.” It has been explained by the Political Directors of the Global Coalition against the Islamic State in a Paris meeting on the efforts to fight the terrorists group. “While it continues to inspire terrorist attacks through active propaganda efforts, Daesh has also proved its resilience and adaptability, continuing to conduct lethal attacks. It has used its active cells in the region to attack our partners and the civilian populations both in Iraq and in Syria where we have recently seen an increase of Daesh/ISIS attacks in the Levant. This is a major concern for the entire Coalition, as it puts at risk key military gains and the stability necessary for recovery. The territorial defeat is achieved, but the job to ensure a lasting defeat of Daesh/ISIS is still to be done.”
The Coalition must remain united and determined to defeat the Islamic State. Both in Iraq and in Syria
So, “The Coalition must remain united and determined in its mission to degrade and defeat ISIS through a comprehensive approach that includes military, humanitarian, stabilization, communications and political commitment in the period to come,” the international experts underlined. “We must maintain the appropriate level of military engagement in the Core to support the Iraqi government and our local partners in Syria in their ongoing efforts against Daesh clandestine cells. Taking into account the uncertain security situation on the ground, it is particularly important that Coalition military forces remain in the Levant to provide the necessary support to our partners on the ground. These forces will continue to build the capacity and capabilities of the Iraqi Security Forces, in close coordination with other involved international actors such as NATO and the European Union”.
Maximum attention on Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF)
“We must also maintain close coordination to prevent Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF), including those detained, hiding underground, or sheltering beyond Coalition control, from returning to the battlefield in Iraq and Syria, or relocating elsewhere and plotting attacks overseas,” is written in the final press release on Paris meeting. “Sharing information among all partners about ISIS FTFs and their movement is key to effectively counter the FTF’s phenomenon, including through INTERPOL, as agreed during the sixth review of the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy. Moreover, we must adhere to all UNSC resolutions prohibiting the provision of any form of support, directly or indirectly, to facilitate the movement of Daesh FTFs”.
In Iraq and Syria the international community has to work with local partner to adequately addressing the humanitarian and stabilization needs, in order to prevent the Daesh return
On Iraq, the Paris meeting “has given an opportunity to discuss how to work with the Baghdad’s Government in adequately addressing the humanitarian and stabilization needs. We continue to support the Government of Iraq, in close coordination with the United Nations and other international organizations and partners, in order to help local populations to recover, to prevent a Daesh/ISIS resurgence, and pave the way for an inclusive Government of Iraq-led reconstruction process, in the wake of the Kuwait International Conference for the Reconstruction of Iraq. In northeast Syria, we continue to focus on providing humanitarian and stabilization assistance to improve the lives of vulnerable populations, setting the path for sustainable recovery from Daesh/ISIS occupation. Our work should include gender analysis to make sure we target our efforts to the needs of the whole population.”
The regional stability
The Global Coalition also “remains fully engaged in support of political efforts necessary to foster regional stability. In Iraq, the Coalition commends the success of last year’s democratic elections and the ongoing efforts of the Government of Iraq to put the country on a positive reconstruction track. In particular, the Coalition should continue to support inclusive governance and initiatives promoting community-based reconciliation, as well as livelihood perspectives to ensure that Daesh/ISIS can never return. In Syria, the Coalition stands with the Syrian people in support of a genuine political transition based on UN Security Council 2254, aimed at establishing an inclusive, non-sectarian government that represents the will of all Syrians, and upholding the unity, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of Syria. In northeast Syria, the Coalition must support all initiatives aiming at promoting inclusive and representative governance. It is also important in this context to underline the inclusion of women in political decision making and reconciliation processes in both Iraq and Syria.”