The strongness of fake news in by now an accepted fact. But, contrary to general belief, they can be used for good purposes
That fake news are a very powerful weapon is by now an accepted fact. Even more when combined with a cyber environment, which works as a multiplier of the megaphone effect. Contrary to general belief, fake news are not totally negative but can be used for good purposes, against dangerous enemies. Especially when they become viral. The most striking example was the attack from iraki DaeshGram hackers, that created a fake page of Amaq, Isis main web propaganda instrument. The “fake” was absolutely identical to (looked exactly the same as) the original, but the content had been changed. That operation created great confusion inside Daesh. The sympathizers panicked and the groups which posted facts related to the Islamic State started quarreling, accusing each others of treason. As a consequence, the fake news in this case caused serious damage to a threat at global level.
Fake news as a strategic weapon is now being discussed at international level. But only in cyberwarfare
The concept of fake news seen as a strategic weapon is now being discussed also at international level. Till now there had been few cases, mainly limited to the Russian area where they were accused of leading campaigns of disinformation, or of pressure for their own interests. Seversl western countries, are starting to think of fake news in the active cyber defence sphere. In other words agressive cyberwarfare actions, in responding to or preventing foreign informatic attacks. The cost is small compared to the use of traditional instruments, forces are spared and – if used wisely – can cause very serious damage, not easily repairable by the enemy in a short time. Besides there could be retaliations against specific targets thanks to the internet megaphone, which largely amplifies the effects.
Terrorism has been using for some time fake news on the web to increase its importance. From Isis to al-Qaeda up to Boko Haram. The real war, actually, is the cyberwar
Fake news, although not used much, are a precious weapon, even against terrorism. The web has by now become a space for action not exclusively for Isis. But also for the other jihadist groups, from al-Qaeda to Boka Haram. To fight them on the territory costs money, resources and puts at risk the troops. Without even guaranteeing long term success. The real war has become the cyber one. The only one capable to vanify the efforts of propaganda and radicalization of terrorists. Therefore, as a consequence that is where one must insist if one want to end all threats. And in this context, the fake news – as can be seen with DaeshGram and others – can make the difference. What would happen if for example the net was invaded by news in contrast with what is posted by militants. Who and what would the support circles or those who are undecided believe in?
Jihadists wouldn’t be able to resist a well organized and global enemy attack with fake news
Jihadists, although the first to spread fake news, are unable to resist a well organized and global enemy attack. Fake news, after all, have been used by terrorists for some time. ‘Although experts of cyber world and media, they have limited capacity. While the capacity of international comunity is virtually illimited. Therefore massive global and organized campaigns (not just based on the goodwill and expertise of single individuals as freequently happens nowadays) could produce devastating effects on jihadist online propaganda. This would give 3 results: cyberspace would give the terrorists less space for efficient and risk free conflicts, then they would have to spend more resources, especially financial, to try to chase an unreachable enemy; finally by coordinating the campaigns, all the efforts made by international intelligence to monitor groups, individuals and media would not be affected negatively.