The US Agency: The cause are the waves of cyber-attacks with destructive malware suffered recently by Ukraine.
General Scapparotti (SACEUR): NATO is working on cyberwarfare and to define an understanding of what would be a trigger for Article 5
NATO is trying to define the framework of a possible cyber war. General Curtis Scaparrotti, the Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) told to a US Senate committee that the Alliance is working on possible nation-driven cyber attacks and “to define an understanding of what would be a trigger for Article 5.” It is related to collective defence and reads that an attack against one Ally is considered as an attack against all Allies. NATO invoked Article 5 for the first time in its history, after the 9/11 terrorist attacks against the United States. Then, taken collective defence measures on several occasions. For instance in response to the situation in Syria and in the wake of the Russia-Ukraine crisis. Furthermore the Alliance has a number of standing forces on active duty that contribute to the collective defence efforts on a permanent basis.
The Alliance has to move fast on this. For many reasons. There is the UK-RUSSIA crisis that could fall in a cyberwar and a boom of cyber attacks from terrorism and Rogue Nations to the members. Increase the risks that someone invokes the Article 5
For NATO it’s strategic defining quickly what in cyber domain is a trigger for Article 5. It for many reasons. At first there is boom of aggressive cyberwarfare world wide. So, sooner or later one member of the Alliance could invoke Article 5. Then, the crisis with Russia for the poisoning of the former spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter on UK soil with Novichok could fall in a cyber offensive operation from London. Obviously Moscow would reply in the same domain. This could trigger an international action and a cyber war. Especially, if Great Britain would invoke Article 5. in case of russian cyber-attacks. But there are different scenarios too that could pose the issue. For example the one in wich terrorism would carry out a large scale cyberwarfare operation against a NATO member. It could be considered similar with 9/11 attacks and Allied could be asked to intervene.